The best time to prune the plum tree is from the middle of June until August. Plum tree pruning is a task you only need to do once a year to ensure healthy growth and reduce the chance of any problems from developing. You can buy this paint at a garden center or you can make your own. This is a fungal disease of the leaves and wood to which plum, apple, apricot and cherry trees are prone. Plum trees grow fast while young, and require aggressive pruning while dormant through winter. Pruning ornamental plum trees (Prunus spp.) I really like this tree and want to keep it healthy. The main purpose of pruning is to keep the tree healthy and maximize fruit yield, but the purpose can also be decorative, aimed at making the overall tree attractive in the landscape. The best time for pruning is usually spring for young trees and mid-summer for established ones. Plums: pruning. Choosing the proper location is essential to growing healthy plum trees using the espalier technique. Sometimes plums can fruit so heavily that they break branches. Shorten new branches to 20cm (8in), cutting above a downward or outward-pointing bud, Cut side branches back to a bud at 15cm (6in), Train and tie in the central leader to the stake. The shape you want to achieve is an Open Centre, also known as the Vase Shape, as this method lets plenty of light and air into the centre of the tree. share. Close. Plum trees grow fast while young, and require aggressive pruning while dormant through winter. Justin Calverley from Sensory Gardens shows his technique for winter pruning of plum trees. 12. Prune (noun) A plum. You really should use a pruning paint, or white latex paint, on the tips of limbs that have been pruned. Here are a few techniques to try: The other main problems are silver leaf disease, honey fungus, bacterial canker, pocket plum, plum aphids and plum moth. Blunt tools can cause branches to tear, leading to wounds on the tree that will attract disease. Winter plum tree pruning should be avoided because it can leave the tree prone to infection by silver leaf disease. The principle is to avoid damaging the collar of the branch and to make a clean cut which doesn't tear the bark. There is more than one type of plum tree, and degree of maintenance involved is one consideration when choosing between the different types. Pruning is a very important part of proper fruit tree care, but many people find the task overwhelming. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. When you buy a new plum tree for planting, it may come from the nursery already pruned. Start by removing all damaged, diseased and dead branches, cutting them back to healthy wood—which may mean cutting them back to the trunk. Flowering Plum Tree Pruning. The time for plum tree pruning depends on the maturity and type of plum tree. During April, shorten the central leader by two-thirds. Plum fruit Tree is adapted to a great extent, it is very compact and its care is quite easy compared to other fruits. Pruning a plum tree during the dormant period typically results in the best growth. He worked as an expert consultant with eHow Now and Pro Referral -- a Home Depot site. This ensures the tree will have a balanced shape as it grows. If you are looking for a pruning specialist you can count on Smith Landscapers to quickly match you with Fort Mohave tree pruning specialists close to you. Plum Tree Pruning. Cut side branches back to a bud at 15cm (6in). Here are some important things to know before you prune your plum tree. Plums trained as cordons are gaining popularity too. Strongly growing plum trees are more resistant fungal infections. Botched plum tree pruning? - Find Contractors in the Fort Mohave Area. Pruning plums in the warmer months helps to reduce the risk of disease entering through pruning wounds. Repeat this pattern for one or two more years until the tree reaches its optimal height for fruit production and retrieval. Ideally, the tree should have no more than four main branches spaced evenly around the trunk, and smaller branches should splay out at 45-degree angles from these branches. Seems a bit ‘topped’ to me (close up). When your Stark Bro’s bare root tree arrives, our professionals have already pre-pruned your tree for you. When pruning, whether young or fruiting trees prune to outward buds to encourage outward growth. Botched plum tree pruning? It's best to prune young trees during the dormant season. Choose one branch to keep and cut off the others, leaving a short collar on the stem. Keep these things in mind: You can have confidence in knowing that not everyone will prune the exact same way (even the experts). Such a tree is bound to be unbalanced, with misshapen or dead branches, and undersized, hard-to-reach fruit. An American wild plum tree doesn't exactly look like a tree, but it doesn't exactly look like a shrub, so I'm guessing that pruning has a great deal to do with your tree's appearance. During the first year after the tree is planting, wait until buds have started to swell on the tree, and then cut off the top portion of the tree. The earliest pruning done on a plum tree is typically already done at the nursery (to make sure, ask them) before you buy it there in spring; when you get home, all you have to do is plant it. In case of larger, established trees, pruning means thinning of the overcrowded branches to ensure free passage of sunlight. Renovating an old, neglected plum tree should be staged over several years. It is known that over 1000 cultivars of plum are grown for drying and some of the most popular varieties are the improved French prune, Tulare Giant, Sutter, Imperial, Moyer, Greengage and Italian prune. Julian A’ to be 3.6m (12ft) by 2.4m (8ft). 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