The trunk bark of older mature trees is gray-brown and scaly, exfoliating only slightly, while the trunk bark of young trees exfoliates extensively, becoming ragged with patches of reddish brown, dull orange, or pinkish tan. While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. Unlike other trees, that should be pruned in late Fall to early Spring, the River Birch tree has a different timeline. Zone: 4 to 9 Height: 40.00 to 70.00 feet Spread: 40.00 to 60.00 feet Bloom Time: April to May Bloom Description: Brown (male) and green (female) Sun: Full sun to part shade Water: Medium to wet Maintenance: Low Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Rain Garden Leaf: Good Fall Other: Winter Interest River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. Important component of the wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks that benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks.. In nature, they are found in flood plains, swamps, and along streams. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Betula nigra is an Iowa native. Fast grower to 40 feet and taller, 30 feet and more wide. Salmon-pink to reddish brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. The dark green leaves are leathery to the touch and turn yellow in the fall. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. PRIVACY POLICY|TERMS & CONDITIONS|SITE MAP. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Facts. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall foliage color. Betula nigra. On the other hand, trees, like oaks and elms, prolong their bud break to protect against sudden drops in spring temperatures early on. River Birch 'Cully' (Betula nigra) is often sold under the name HERITAGE. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. © 2020 MONROVIA NURSERY COMPANY. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. River Birch Tree Facts. Birches are fast growing trees appreciated for their papery, peeling layers of bark, and river birch is no exception. Special Features: Deer resistant. No Retailers found within 50 miles of your zipcode. It is fast growing and provides shade about as quickly as any tree can. Full sun. They are in the genera Betula, which is the Latin word for “to shine,” and if you have a birch tree in your yard, you may agree that the tree seems to have a glow.How long do birch trees live? Bark more showy than the regular native species. Bloom Description: Brown (male) green (female), Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution. If pruned too early in the year, when awakening from their winter rest, they bleed a heavy flow of sap. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Prefers moist, acidic, fertile soils including semi-aquatic conditions, but also tolerates drier soils. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State. River Birch Growing and Maintenance Tips. Water Needs: Moist, Well Drained Soil. River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. Seldom requires pruning. Exfoliating cinnamon-colored bark creates winter interest. One of the most disease-free birches. Size - Large . Densely pyramidal form features glossy green diamond-shaped leaves. Botanical Name: Betula nigra. Keep reading to learn more river birch tree facts, such as river birch tree care and effectively using river birch trees in … These are fast growing trees that are coveted for the peeling bark. Without pruning, it … Foliage - Deciduous . Adapts well to heavy clay soils of Missouri and will tolerate poor drainage. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The graceful river birch has dark, satiny exfoliating bark in rich shades of brown and pink. Cold Hardiness-20 to -30° F. Sun Exposure: Full sun. - Narrow, pyramidal growth habit when young. Seed grown. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Oval, serrated leaves are dark green in the summer, bright yellow in the fall Exfoliating, cream and tan bark reveals a lighter, inner bark 'Dura Heat', as the name states, has good tolerance to summer heat and drought Bloom Time: April to May Fertilize in early spring. Winter bark is pinkish-orange in color and shaggy textured with prominent exfoliation well suited to night lighting. The best time to prune River Birch trees is late summer or early Fall. Excellent tree for very large homesites, parks and open space. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Bloom Time - Bloom Color - USDA Hardiness Zone - 4a . Noteworthy Characteristics. Inner bark is creamy white. Birch trees are lovely, graceful trees with pale bark and bright, heart-shaped leaves. Heritage® river birch. Noteworthy Characteristics. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . These trees can be grown either with a single trunk or multi-stemmed. Weakened birches become vulnerable to the bronze birch borer which typically infects and kills birches stressed by summer heat and humidity. For example, some trees, like birch and willows, bloom early to lengthen their pre-summer food production time. Use as specimen or near ponds and wet areas. ‘Dura Heat’ is a little more compact than the straight species River Birch and, as the name might suggest, has better heat tolerance. Initially about 2 inches long, the green catkins overwinter on the tree, growing longer in the Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. The foliage is medium to dark green and obtains yellow margins in the fall. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. This tree sports curling papery bark the color of cinnamon sugar, and diamond shaped leaves that seem to shimmer in the breeze. River birch are tall, graceful-looking trees. After pollination, clusters of small, brown winged fruit form in the spring. Most species of birch grow best in cool, northern climates, but do not adapt well to the hot summers of USDA Zones 5-9 and can be short-lived therein. River Birch is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. River birch in bloom (L) with the male catkins most noticeable (R). It's easy to understand why the Heritage® River Birch is such a popular tree. Common Names: River birch. Hardiness: Zones 4 to 9. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. River birch are prized trees in Midwest gardens for their four season interest and aesthetics. Birch are available as single trunk trees or those with multi-trunks as clumps. Use as a s pecimen or in small groupings in any landscape, and in particular for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low areas. Betula nigra, commonly called river birch, is a vigorous, fast-growing, medium-sized, Missouri native deciduous tree which occurs on floodplains, swampy bottomlands and along streams throughout the State.In cultivation, it can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. By summer heat and humidity ' HERITAGE ) parts of the inner bark tall and wide 70! 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