[34] In light of a 2002 Australian study showing that more than 60% of bags are reused as bin liners and for other purposes,[35] the 7% recycling rate accounts for 17.5% of the plastic bags available for recycling. Sten Gustaf Thulin, el inventor de la bolsa de plástico que quería ayudar al planeta El ingeniero sueco es el creador del método que permitió la producción masiva de bolsas de polietileno. Trước đó đa phần mọi người đều sử dụng túi giấy. Thulin cho rằng, sản xuất túi giấy sẽ phải chặt phá rừng, điều này không tốt cho môi trường. Si bien hubo otras aplicaciones en Estados Unidos y Europa para patentar bolsas plásticas en la década del 50, se trataba de procesos complejos que … A review of public policies on plastic carrier bags – Where, how and to what effect? Sten Gustaf Thulin föddes 1914 i Lund, senare utbildade han sig till ingenjör. In 1992, Sonoco Products Company of Hartsville, SC patented[11] the "self-opening polyethylene bag stack." Fast forward to 1979, plastic bags already accounted for 80 percent of Europe’s bag market. Senare flyttade familjen till sydvästra England. Cập nhật tin về Sten Gustaf Thulin mới nhất. But who is Raoul Thulin? This team was headed by Wade D. Fletcher and Harry Wilfong. Plastic bags were found to constitute a significant portion of the floating marine debris in the waters around southern Chile in a study conducted between 2002 and 2005.[24]. . Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914-2006) quería crear un producto accesible y que, ante todo, tuviera un impacto positivo en el planeta. According to Sharma, Moser, Vermillion, Doll, and Rajagopalan (2014), they have noted that in the year 2009 only 13% of one trillion single-use plastic bags produced were recycled, the rest were thrown away, which means they end up in landfills and because they are so lightweight end up in the atmosphere blown into the environment. [13], Traditional plastic bags are usually made from polyethylene, which consists of long chains of ethylene monomers. Plastic shopping bags, carrier bags, or plastic grocery bags are a type of plastic bag used as shopping bags and made from various kinds of plastic. This corresponded to more than 800,000,000 pounds (360,000 tonnes) of bags and plastic film being recycled in 2007 alone. The modern lightweight shopping bag is the invention of Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin. However, other companies saw the attraction of the bag, too, and the US petrochemicals group Mobil overturned Celloplast's US patent in 1977. Te recomendamos: Diez documentales sobre el … Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914-2006) quería crear un producto accesible y que, ante todo, tuviera un impacto positivo en el planeta. Lighter weight bags are often reused as trash bags or to pick up pet feces. Gustaf was born on November 4 1796, in Engelholm, Malmohus, Sweden. It also avoids the production and purchase of garbage/bin liner bags since it benefits from a high reuse rate when reused for this purpose (77.7%). The main innovation of this redesign is that the removal of a bag from the rack opens the next bag in the stack via a minimal adhesive placed between the bags on a tab at the center-top. He developed a method of creating plastic bags for a Swedish packaging company, Celloplast. "[25] Government studies from Denmark[23] and the United Kingdom,[26] as well as a study from Clemson University,[27] came to similar conclusions. Thulin's design produced a simple, strong bag with a high load-carrying capacity, and was patented worldwide by Celloplast in 1965. [23] Many states have used legislation to stop the banning of plastic bags. The number of plastic grocery bags disposed of in the U.S. apart from the rest of the world is a number that is difficult to comprehend, this is why it is important that solutions are considered, weighed and measured to address this growing problem. Large buildups of plastic bags can clog drainage systems and contribute to flooding, as occurred in Bangladesh in 1988 and 1998[19] and almost annually in Manila. This design and later variations upon it are commonplace through modern grocers, as they are space-efficient and customer-friendly. Amer Mansour was the CEO of this company. There are alternatives such as purchasing cloth grocery bags so that those who don't agree with using plastic reusable bags can still have a bag that can be used many times over; however, government studies have found that cloth bags have a high carbon footprint. Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914 – 2006) Inventor of the shopping bag What is useplasticresponsibly.org? Some reusable shopping bags[6] are made of plastic film, fibers, or fabric. American and European patent applications relating to the production of plastic shopping bags can be found dating back to the early 1950s, but these refer to composite constructions with handles fixed to the bag in a secondary manufacturing process. Although few peer-reviewed studies or government surveys have provided estimates for global plastic bag use, environmental activists estimate that between 500 billion and 1 trillion plastic bags are used each year worldwide. Biodegradable plastics are plastics that are decomposed by the action of living organisms, usually bacteria. Modellen var gjord i polyeten med särskilda handtag och hög bärförmÃ¥ga. The modern lightweight shopping bag is the invention of Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin. Pronuncia Sten Gustaf Thulin con 1 l'audio della pronuncia, e altro ancora per Sten Gustaf Thulin. 18.18. Tahukah kamu, kantong plastik pertama kali diciptakan tahun 1959 oleh ilmuwan asal Swedia, Sten Gustaf Thulin, untuk "menyelamatkan" Bumi? Mời bạn đọc xem thêm tin Sten Gustaf Thulin khác trên Trithucvn.net Designed by engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin, the plastic bag quickly begins to replace cloth and plastic in Europe. [12] In 2009, the United States International Trade Commission reported that 102 billion plastic bags are used annually in the United States alone. [29] Plastic bags are 100% recyclable. [20][21] Littering is often a serious problem in developing countries, where trash collection infrastructure is less developed than in wealthier nations. Celloplast, which consisted of folding, wielding and die-cutting a tube of plastic. [1] In the early 1960s, Thulin developed a method of forming a simple one-piece bag by folding, welding and die-cutting a flat tube of plastic for the packaging company Celloplast of Norrköping, Sweden. Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914-2006) quería crear un producto accesible y que, ante todo, tuviera un impacto positivo en el planeta. Sten Gustaf Thulin, född 1914[1] i Lund,[2] i SkÃ¥ne, död 2006[3] i Stroud i Storbritannien, var en svensk ingenjör och uppfinnare. Diseñada por el ingeniero Sten Gustaf Thulin, la bolsa de plástico comienza a reemplazar rápidamente la tela y el plástico en Europa. Photo by Flickr. The son of Sten Gustaf Thulin told BBC Environment Reporter, Laura Foster, that his dad would be shocked and upset to see what it's become. Use Plastic Responsibly is an initiative by Polydime International (Pvt) Ltd, a company that has been associated with the Plastic’s industry for over 2 decades. Thin and light, its production requires little material and energy. Sten Gustaf Thulin, född 1914 i Lund, i Skåne, död 2006 i Stroud i Storbritannien, var en svensk ingenjör och uppfinnare. So với túi giấy, túi nylon chắc chắn hơn và có thể sử dụng nhiều lần. Flickr 1979 - Las bolsas de plástico salen al resto del mundo y son ampliamente introducidas en Estados Unidos … Plastic bags were patented by a company called Celloplast and by the middle of the 1960s, they were actively replacing paper and cloth alternatives in Europe. The modern lightweight shopping bag was the invention of Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin. But inventor Sten Gustaf Thulin was the father of the modern plastic shopping bag. Some modern bags are made of vegetable-based bioplastics, which can decay organically and prevent a build-up of toxic plastic bags in landfills and the natural environment. Kroger, a Cincinnati-based grocery chain, began to replace its paper shopping bags with plastic bags in 1982,[9] and was soon followed by its rival, Safeway. Thulin cho rằng, việc sử dụng túi giấy buộc chúng ta phải chặt phá rừng. Dangers Of Using Plastic Bags Environmental Damage Plastic bags have been known to cause a lot of environmental damage. [17] According to The Outline, it can take between 500 - 1,000 years for a plastic shopping bag to break down. Heavy-duty plastic shopping bags are suitable for reuse as reusable shopping bags. Two basic classes of biodegradable plastics exist: Because plastic bags are so durable, this makes them a concern for the environment. [15] However, most degradable bags do not readily decompose in a sealed landfill,[16] and represent a possible contaminant to plastic recycling operations. Vào năm 1959, Sten Gustaf Thulin, một kỹ sư người Thụy Điển đã phát minh ra một chiếc túi nilon hiện đại. As plastic bags increasingly replaced paper bags, and as other plastic materials and products replaced glass, metal, stone, timber and other materials, a packaging materials war erupted, with plastic shopping bags at the center of highly publicized disputes. It was a good idea, but one of the team members, Gustaf Thulin Sten, apparently had a better one: Seal the bottom of the tube, but, on the other end, punch out part of … I slutet pÃ¥ 1950-talet blev han försäljningschef[3] vid Celloplast AB[2] i Norrköping.[1]. [22] Thulin, the father, specialized in packaging design and during his life, has experimented with different materials to contain, ship and store consumer goods. [30], Some large store chains have banned plastic shopping bags such as Whole Foods in the U.S.[31] and IKEA in the U.S. and the U.K.[32]. The Dixie Bag Company of College Park, Georgia was one of the first companies to exploit this new opportunity in the 1980s, along with similar firms such as Houston Poly Bag and Capitol Poly. Thulin skapade den moderna plastpÃ¥sen. Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914-2006) quería crear un producto accesible y que, ante todo, tuviera un impacto positivo en el planeta. Comment dire Sten Gustaf Thulin en Espagnol? Konceptet patenterades även i en rad andra länder.[6]. Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914-2006) quería crear un producto accesible y que, ante todo, tuviera un impacto positivo en el planeta. In general, biodegradable plastic bags need to be kept separate from conventional plastic recycling systems. In the early 1960s, Thulin developed a method of forming a simple one-piece bag by folding, welding and die-cutting a flat tube of plastic for the packaging company Celloplast of Norrköping, Sweden. Kring 1962 gifte sig Thulin för andra gÃ¥ngen[3], nu med[2] brittiska Maureen Binney, även denna gÃ¥ng fick paret tvÃ¥ söner. Thulin arbetade vid Celloplast AB fram till sin pensionering 1979. The Norrköping site remains a plastics production site, however, and is now the headquarters of Miljösäck, a manufacturer of waste sacks manufactured from recycled polyethylene.[10]. The modern plastic shopping bag was created in the early 1960's by a Swedish engineer by the name of Sten Gustaf Thulin. The irony of that is the inventor created plastic bags with the intention of saving the planet, not hurting it, his son recently told BBC.. Raoul Thulin, son of plastic bag inventor Sten Gustaf Thulin, told BBC, "To my dad, the idea that people would simply throw these away would be bizarre. Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914-2006) quería crear un producto accesible y que, ante todo, tuviera un impacto positivo en el planeta. PlastpÃ¥sen blev en enorm[1] kommersiell[2] framgÃ¥ng[3] för Celloplast AB, i slutet pÃ¥ 1960-talet producerades ca 600 miljoner plastpÃ¥sar om Ã¥ret, i början pÃ¥ 1970-talet hade produktionen ökat till ca 760 miljoner pÃ¥sar Ã¥rligen. Plastic bags don't do well in the environment, but several government studies have found them to be an environmentally friendly carryout bag option. Ethylene is derived from natural gas and petroleum. The modern-day shopping bag we all know and use today was invented in the early 1960s by Sten Gustaf Thulin, who was a Swedish engineer. Raoul is the son of the man who invented the plastic bags in 1960, the Swedish Sten Gustaf Thulin. ", "Why Are Plastic Bags So Bad For Your Recycling Bin? [36] A survey by the American Plastics Counsel found that 90% of Americans answer yes to the question "Do you or does anyone in your household ever reuse plastic shopping bags? Plastic shopping bags are commonly manufactured by blown film extrusion.[13]. Sten Johan Hans Thulin. A single plastic bag can take up to 1000 years, to decay completely. From the mid-1980s onwards, plastic bags became common for carrying daily groceries from the store to vehicles and homes throughout the developed world. 14 relationer. They will not break down easily and as a result are very harmful to wildlife. ", "Northern Ireland's new five-pence carrier bag tax", "Kenya plastic bag ban comes into force after years of delays", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plastic_shopping_bag&oldid=997454407, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Plastics made from petrochemicals containing biodegradable additives which enhance biodegradation or, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 16:00. "[37] [citation needed] In recent decades, numerous countries have introduced legislation restricting the sale of plastic bags, in a bid to reduce littering and plastic pollution.[2][3][4][5]. The fact that the bags proved so useful due to their low weight Túi nylon được phát minh bởi kỹ sư người Thụy Điển Sten Gustaf Thulin vào năm 1959. Điều này sẽ không tốt cho môi trường. Image credits: jericlcat. Kring 1960[3] skapade Thulin tillsammans[1] med[2] Celloplasts VD Curt Lindquist och produktchef Sven-Erik Lövefors den moderna plastpÃ¥sen. Sten Gustaf Thulin, född 1914 Svenskt UppfinnareMuseum (läst 29 oktober 2015) i Lund, Affärsliv.com (läst 29 oktober 2015) i Skåne, död 2006 Norrköpings Tidningar (läst 29 oktober 2015) i Stroud i Storbritannien, var en svensk ingenjör och uppfinnare. UK Environment Agency published a review of supermarket carrier bags and compares energy usage of current styles of bag. ? It is widely credited as being born in the early 1960s to Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin. Celloplast exposed these plastic bags worldwide in 1965. Thulin stod för patentansökan, patent beviljades 27 april 1965[4] (US patent-nr 3180557) i USA (ansökan 10 juli 1962) och 1 juli 1968[5] (SE patent-nr 306906) i Sverige (ansökan 17 februari 1965). However, reuse for storage or trash is common, and modern plastic shopping bags are increasingly recyclable. [33] Each ton of recycled plastic bags saves the energy equivalent of 11 barrels of oil, although most bags are produced from natural-gas-derived stock. Thulin's design produced a simple, strong bag with a high load-carrying capacity. All types of plastic shopping bag can be recycled into new bags where effective collection schemes exist. [2] Several other countries impose a tax at the point of sale. Plastic shopping bags are in most cases not accepted by standard curbside recycling programs; though their composition is often identical to other accepted plastics, they pose problems for the single-stream recycling process, as most of the sorting equipment is designed for rigid plastics such as bottles,[28] so plastic bags often end up clogging wheels or belts, or being confused as paper and contaminating the pulp produced later in the stream. Thulin gifte sig första gÃ¥ngen kring 1960, paret fick tvÃ¥ söner,[2] dock dog hustrun redan 1962. 1979 – Already controlling 80% of the bag market in Europe, plastic bags go abroad and are widely introduced to the United States. [39] Outright bans have been introduced in some countries,[5] notably China which banned very thin plastic bags nationwide in 2008. According to the Recyc-Quebec, a Canadian government agency, "The conventional plastic bag has several environmental and economic advantages. [3] I slutet pÃ¥ 1950-talet flyttade Thulin till Norrköping. Due to their durability, plastic bags can take centuries to decompose. Prononciation de Sten Gustaf Thulin à 1 prononciation audio, et de plus pour Sten Gustaf Thulin. http://svensktuppfinnaremuseum.se/plastpasen/, https://sv.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sten_Gustaf_Thulin&oldid=48565019, Personer inom Sveriges näringsliv under 1900-talet, Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3.0 Unported. Si bien hubo otras aplicaciones en Estados Unidos y Europa para patentar bolsas plásticas en la década del 50, se trataba de procesos complejos que … [18], On land, plastic bags are one of the most prevalent types of litter in inhabited areas. In the early 1960s, Thulin developed a method of forming a simple one-piece bag by folding, welding and die-cuttinga flat tube of plastic for the packaging company Cellopl… ", "Evidence: Life Cycle Assessment of Supermarket Carrier Bags", "Greening Up by Cutting Down on Plastic Bags", "Need a bag? Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin created them back in 1959. Originariamente, i sacchetti di plastica dovevano essere amici del pianeta. Johanna was born on January 7 1801, in Göteborg. Per Sten Gustaf Thulin era l'alternativa (da riutilizzare all'infinito) alla carta prodotta dall'abbattimento degli alberi . Plastic bags were invented to save the planet, according to the son of Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin who created them in 1959. wife. Bags can also be made from degradable polyethylene film or from polylactic acid (PLA), a biodegradable polymer derived from lactic acid. [39], United States International Trade Commission, European Plastics News: Plastic Brief Carrier Bag (1965), "China Says Its Plastic Bag Ban Has Saved 4.8 Million Tonnes Of Oil", "Los Angeles City Council OKs Plastic Bag Ban", "A short history of plastic bag laws in California", "Custom reusable shopping bags Wholesale, Reusable Plastic Bags", "Plastic bags were created to save the planet, inventor's son says", "Plastic pollution: how plastic bags could help save the planet", "Climate smart waste sacks and bags made from recycled post consumer polyethylene", "Plastic left holding the bag as environmental plague", "Polyethylene Retail Carrier Bags from Indonesia, Taiwan, and Vietnam", "Notes from the Packaging Laboratory: Polylactic Acid – An Exciting New Packaging Material" (PDF), "Biodegradable plastic bags carry more ecological harm than good", "Are Plastic Grocery Bags Sacking the Environment? ", "Whole Foods Chain to Stop Use of Plastic Bags", "2007 National Post-Consumer Recycled Plastic Bag & Film Report", "EPA NE: Questions About Your Community – Shopping Bags: Paper or Plastic or . Thulin avled 2006[7] i Stroud (norr om Bristol) i grevskapet Gloucestershire. He created these plastic bags for the packaging company Celloplast of Norrkoping, Sweden. As his son Raoul said later, Sten believed that durable plastic bags will be not single-used but long-term used and could replace paper bags which need chopping of trees.[7][8]. Thulin skapade den moderna plastpåsen. They need to be taken to a location that recycles plastic film, usually a grocery store or major retail chain. ", "How New York dropped the ball on plastic bags", "The Manila Floods: Why Wasn't the City Prepared? En patentstrid inleddes och 1977 fick amerikanska Mobil Corporation patentet upphävd i USA och andra tillverkade kom in pÃ¥ marknaden. By the mid-1900s, the expansion of recycling infrastructure in the United States yielded a 7% annual rate of plastic bag recycling. The bags were developed as … American and European patent applications relating to the production of plastic shopping bags can be found dating back to the early 1950s, but these refer to composite constructions with handles fixed to the bag in a secondary manufacturing process. Ma il loro inventore non poteva immaginare di aver innescato la più grande crisi di inquinamento degli oceani. Gustaf Wilhelm Thulin was born on month day 1839, at birth place, to Gustaf Otto Thulin and Johanna Maria Thulin (born Halling). [17] The same properties that have made plastic bags so commercially successful and ubiquitous—namely their low weight and resistance to degradation—have also contributed to their proliferation in the environment. Come si dice Sten Gustaf Thulin in Spagnolo? The use lifespan of a bag is approximately 12 minutes of use. In use by consumers worldwide since the 1960s,[1] these bags are sometimes called single-use bags, referring to carrying items from a store to a home. Phasing out plastic bags is a viable option, however, there are many that argue that this puts a strain on businesses and makes it more difficult for the customer to take goods home. Sten Gustaf Thulin (1914-2006) quería crear un producto accesible y que, ante todo, tuviera un impacto positivo en el planeta. Si bien hubo otras aplicaciones en Estados Unidos y Europa para patentar bolsas plásticas en la década del 50, se trataba de procesos complejos que … [38], As of August 2018, over 160 countries, regions, and cities had enacted legislation to ban or put a fee on plastic bags with the aim to reduce the overall use of disposable plastic bags. When Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin invented the lightweight plastic shopping bag in the 1960s, he probably had no idea how controversial they would become, nor for how long the controversy would last. Hasminin was a well-established producer of cellulose film and a pioneer in plastics processing. Si bien hubo otras aplicaciones en Estados Unidos y Europa para patentar bolsas plásticas en la década de los cincuenta, se trataba de procesos complejos que … Sten Gustaf Hjalmar Thulin in Sweden Household Examination Books, 1880 - 1920 Sten Gustof Hjalmar Thulin in Sweden Household Examination Books, 1860-1920 . According to the UK's Environment Agency, 76% of British carrier bags are reused. ", "Plastic bag found floating near Titanic shipwreck", "Life Cycle Assessment of grocery carrier bags", "Environmental and Economic Highlights of the Results of the Life Cycle Assessment of Shopping Bags", "Life cycle assessment of supermarket carrier bags: a review of the bags available in 2006", "Life Cycle Assessment of Grocery Bags inCommon Use in the United States", "Can I Recycle Plastic Bags in the Recycling Bin? . The company's patent position gave it a virtual monopoly on plastic shopping bag production, and the company set up manufacturing plants across Europe and in the US. view all 13 Immediate Family. Each year millions of discarded plastic shopping bags end up as plastic waste litter in the environment when improperly disposed of. Karin Sofia Kristina Thulin. [14] Color concentrates and other additives are often used to add tint to the plastic. Tillverkningen av pÃ¥sen kom igÃ¥ng[1] redan[2] 1961[3] pÃ¥ fabriken i Norrköping. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen. The once omnipresent New York mainstay has passed. Sidan redigerades senast den 14 december 2020 kl. son. The polyethylene used in most plastic shopping bags is either low-density (resin identification code 4) or, more often, high-density (resin identification code 2). [9], Without its plastic bag monopoly, Celloplast's business went into decline, and the company was split up during the 1990s. This statement was made by Raoul Thulin, son of Sten Gustaf Thulin. January 7 1801, in Göteborg, plastic bags are commonly manufactured by blown film.... Tonnes ) of bags and plastic film, usually bacteria is widely credited being! Hjalmar Thulin in Sweden Household Examination Books, 1860-1920 USA och andra tillverkade kom in pÃ¥ marknaden simple strong! Durability, plastic bags can also be sten gustaf thulin from polyethylene, which consisted of folding wielding! 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