The second instance is in the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights. The Constitution: What Does it Say? The Constitution of the United States of America was drafted in 1787. Some provisions affect people’s lives more than others, but they are all important in their own right. When Congress passes a law, it … The Judicial, Executive and Legislative segments of the government came into effect in 1789. Located in Article I of the Constitution, this is known as the Necessary and Proper Clause or the “Elastic Clause.” The inclusion of this clause became a source of criticism for those who opposed the ratification of the Constitution, and Anti-Federalists were concerned that the clause would grant the federal government unlimited power. It also specifies that the USA will be a republic with an elected President, a bicameral congress, and a system of courts headed by a Supreme Court. The main purpose of the constitution is to establish the basic rights of all American citizens. Under America’s first national government, the Articles of Confederation, the states acted together only for specific purposes. Thus, the Constitution maintains a general silence on the subject save for two instances. The government doesn't have the power … 1 The Constitution restricts the power of federal, state and local governments but not private groups. The Constitution is chock-full of guarantees of individual rights and rules about what the government can and can’t do. The Constitution of the United States contains a preamble and seven articles that describe the way the government is structured and how it operates.The first three articles establish the three branches of government and their powers: Legislative (Congress), Executive (office of the President,) and Judicial (Federal court system). An excerpt from The Heritage Guide to the Constitution The Constitution of the United States has endured for over two centuries. What does the Constitution do? Constitution, the body of doctrines and practices that form the fundamental organizing principle of a political state.In some cases, such as the United States, the constitution is a specific written document.In others, such as the United Kingdom, it is a collection of documents, statutes, and traditional practices that are generally accepted as governing political matters. Here are just some of the important, often-discussed provisions and where you can find them in the Constitution: Freedom […] The Constitution acted like a colossal merger, uniting a group of states with different interests, laws, and cultures. Sets up the United States with a federal government plus state governments. The Constitution explains what each branch of government can do, and how each branch can control the other branches. The first instance, in Article VI, is a proscription of any religious tests as a requisite qualification for public service. 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